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  • April Schrader, CPDT-KA

A Parents Guide to Child-Dog Safety

Ensuring the safety of children around dogs is of utmost importance. Dogs are wonderful companions, but it's essential to recognize that they are living creatures with their own instincts and behaviors. By understanding how to create a safe environment and promote positive interactions, we can prevent accidents and foster a harmonious relationship between children and dogs. In this guide, we will explore key principles and practical tips to help you navigate child-dog safety effectively.

Kids playing safely with dog

Education and Awareness: The first step in ensuring child-dog safety is education. Parents, guardians, and children that are old enough should understand basic dog behavior, body language, and communication signals. By learning to recognize signs of stress, fear, or discomfort in dogs, we can intervene before a situation escalates. Teaching children how to approach and interact with dogs respectfully, while also emphasizing the importance of asking for permission, helps prevent unwanted incidents.

Supervision: Active supervision is vital when children and dogs are together, meaning no tv, cell phones etc your full attention should be on watching your child and dog. Even the most well-behaved dogs can have unpredictable reactions or become overwhelmed in certain situations. Ensure that interactions between children and dogs are always closely monitored, especially with younger children who may not fully understand how to interact appropriately. The point being, do not leave children unsupervised with dogs, regardless of the dog's size or temperament

Positive Socialization: Early socialization plays a crucial role in shaping a dog's behavior and response to different stimuli. Introduce your dog to various environments, people of all ages, and other animals in a positive and controlled manner. Expose them to different sounds, sights, and experiences to build confidence and help them develop good social skills. A well-socialized dog is more likely to be calm and comfortable in the presence of children.

Early Training: Training your dog from an early age is key to preventing unwanted behaviors and ensuring they are a well mannered member of the family. Teaching them cues such as "sit," "stay," and "leave it," are very useful for redirecting your dog when interacting with children. Reinforcing positive behaviors while children are present will help your dog develop positive associations with them as well as foster a safe and respectful relationship with one another.

Safe Spaces and Personal Boundaries: Provide your dog with a designated safe space where they can retreat to when they need some quiet time or feel overwhelmed. This can be a crate, a specific room, or a cozy corner with their bed and toys. This safe space should be a no kid zone! Teaching children to respect a dog's personal space, especially when the dog is eating, sleeping, or has a toy or treat it imperative for their safety. Disturbing a dog in these situations can trigger defensive behaviors, which could lead to your dog biting. Establishing respect for personal boundaries ensures a safer environment for both children and dogs.

Canine body Language: A dogs primary language is body language, by understanding a dog's body language we can ensure our children's safety around dogs. Teach children that are old enough to interpret body language cues such as ears, tail, and posture to assess a dog's mood and comfort level. By avoiding dogs showing signs of fear, stress, or aggression and always seeking permission before petting or interacting with unfamiliar dogs, children can interact safely and respectfully with their furry friends.


In conclusion promoting child-dog safety requires a combination of education, awareness, supervision, and positive interactions. By understanding dog behavior, teaching children how to interact respectfully, and implementing training and boundaries, we can create a safe and harmonious relationship between children and dogs. Remember, responsible ownership and ongoing education are key to ensuring the well-being of both children and dogs. Together, we can cultivate a culture of safety, compassion, and understanding for everyone involved.

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